New Trends in Innovative/Sustainable Computing and IT

An emerging trend in the Information Technology management is the move towards “Going Green” and this practice is drawing a high level of interest amongst a variety of IT organisations including but not limited to suppliers, service providers, manufacturers, etc. With high awareness of impact of change in global climate, various organisations are on the lookout for a variety of systematic planning to control rising energy costs and use different technologies to ensure that they will contribute to the environmental onslaught. With the rich evidence, which demonstrates potential benefits on the investments made by adoption of sustainable technology, several organisations across the world are executing planned methods that offer solutions towards drastic reduction in their energy expenses and vivid contribution to reverse the global climate change. Some of these technologies help in reducing unemployment to a great extent.

Innovative and sustainable trends and practices attract media attention due to the interest and emphasis it has on the corporate social obligation and responsibility programmes. Steady increase in the awareness of the environmental issues amongst the general public increases the need for portrayal of an image supporting the environment and corporate houses are in the forefront to ensure this happens. Organisations in the infrastructure and data management sector too are working towards implementation of innovative strategies towards achieving sustainable energy savings. As a whole, the industry is closely watching these efforts to understand the level of difference it makes in the economic sense and the savings generated.

Information Technology (IT) is increasingly gaining popularity as a major area of focus and opportunity for enterprises on the look out to accept sustainable methods covering environmental concerns, problems related to travel and energy issues.

Among the concerns reported commonly and those that seem to be inciting the movement, are:

a) Rise in the energy demands coupled with a limited supply and ever-growing utility expenses.

b) Management of dangerous and precarious waste material

c) Steady increase in petrochemical costs, which increases all related costs.

d) Extreme increase in various costs such as real estate, airline and other modes of travel

Every day we hear about new initiatives adopted by different sections of the industrial houses by the government, by computer manufacturers, by the various service providers, etc. Several business houses are working on programmes to improve energy utilisation efficiency, better power management, and improved utilisation of hardware, huge reduction in wastage, cost reduction and options to support the environment.

Major areas of activity connected with the above programmes are classified into three segments:

1. Energy efficiency: Full focus is on maximising energy utilisation in general terms and reducing energy consumption and utility expenses by computing efficiency in InfoTech infrastructure and data centres.

2. Electricity consumption: This segment includes innovative plans to implement electricity conservation. For example, the management of technology infrastructure and the programme to improve electro-mechanical methods by Common Gateway Interface (CGI), by using raised floor lighting and heat reduction systems to steer its plans towards efficient and reduced electricity consumption and thus ensure solutions that save costs.

3. Heat reduction and enabling cooling: InfoTech organisations can decrease heat generation and enable cooling through usage of various double air-cooled, split and chilling units, which assist in reducing demand for more energy on the electricity grid supplying power.

Currently, all these efforts together are trends in sustainable computing towards reducing operational costs preserve business practices and reduce the damage to the environment on an overall basis. Several governmental agencies are also actively involved in formulating rules and regulations to assist trends in innovative computing. Several studies in this regards are still at the beginning level and there is a huge gap in this sector to be filled in which will require huge amount of research to arrive at more decisive results.